What States Do Not Have Walmart?

Walmart is the largest retailer in the world, with over 5,000 stores across the United States. However, there are still a handful of states that do not have a Walmart store within their borders. If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: The only states without a Walmart are Vermont, Rhode Island, Alaska, and Hawaii.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the reasons why these four states lack a Walmart location. We’ll look at their geography, economies, tax structures, local business environments, and more to understand the factors that have kept Walmart out up until now.

Background on Walmart’s Store Locations in the U.S.

Walmart, the retail giant, has a long history of nationwide expansion in the United States. From its humble beginnings in 1962, when the first Walmart store opened in Rogers, Arkansas, the company has grown to become the largest retailer in the world.

With its low prices and wide range of products, Walmart quickly gained popularity among consumers, leading to the opening of more stores across the country.

Walmart’s History of Nationwide Expansion

Over the years, Walmart has expanded its reach to almost every corner of the United States. The company’s expansion strategy was driven by its commitment to bring affordable goods to communities, both big and small.

Walmart’s relentless pursuit to offer everyday low prices to its customers has propelled its growth and made it a household name.

As Walmart continued to expand, it faced both praise and criticism. Supporters argue that the company’s presence in communities provides jobs and economic growth, while critics raise concerns about the impact on local businesses and workers.

Despite these debates, Walmart’s nationwide expansion has been largely successful, with thousands of stores spread across the country.

Current Scope of Walmart Locations

Today, Walmart operates over 4,700 stores in the United States, making it one of the most widespread retail chains in the country. These stores are located in all 50 states, except for a few exceptions.

While it may be surprising, there are actually a few states that do not have a single Walmart store.

  • One of these states is Vermont, known for its picturesque landscapes and tight-knit communities. Despite the absence of a physical Walmart store, residents of Vermont can still access Walmart’s products through online shopping or by visiting nearby stores in neighboring states.
  • Another state without a Walmart store is Hawaii. The unique geography of the islands and the limited available land for commercial development have posed challenges for Walmart’s expansion in the state.

    However, Walmart has made efforts to cater to the needs of Hawaiian consumers through its online platform and partnerships with local businesses.

  • Lastly, Alaska, with its vast wilderness and remote communities, does not have a Walmart store. The logistical challenges of serving such a large and sparsely populated state have made it difficult for Walmart to establish a presence there.

    Nonetheless, Alaskans can still access Walmart’s products through e-commerce and by shopping at other retail chains available in the state.

Despite these exceptions, Walmart’s presence in the United States remains formidable. With its extensive network of stores and online platforms, the company continues to serve millions of customers across the country, offering a wide range of products at affordable prices.

For more information on Walmart’s store locations and its history, you can visit the official Walmart website at www.walmart.com.


Vermont is one of the few states in the United States that does not have a Walmart. There are several reasons why the retail giant has not established a presence in the Green Mountain State.

Geography and Rural Nature

Vermont’s geography and rural nature play a significant role in the absence of Walmart stores. With its picturesque landscapes and small towns, Vermont has a unique charm that locals and tourists cherish.

The state has a population density that is lower than the national average, and this, coupled with its scattered communities, makes it less economically viable for Walmart to operate in every corner of the state.

Furthermore, the state’s strict zoning regulations and land use policies have limited the expansion of large-scale retail chains. Vermont takes pride in preserving its natural beauty and has implemented measures to protect the environment and maintain the character of its towns and villages.

This focus on sustainable development has restricted the proliferation of big-box stores like Walmart.

Local Business Culture

Vermont has a strong local business culture that favors independent retailers and co-operatives. The state takes pride in supporting its local economy and encourages residents to shop at locally owned businesses.

This preference for local establishments has created a vibrant network of small businesses that cater to the unique needs and tastes of Vermonters.

Many communities in Vermont have thriving downtown areas filled with locally-owned shops, farmers markets, and artisanal stores. These establishments often prioritize sustainability, quality, and community engagement.

The commitment to supporting local businesses has made it challenging for large corporations like Walmart to gain a foothold in the state.

Environmental Regulations

Vermont has stringent environmental regulations that apply to businesses operating within its borders. The state is known for its commitment to environmental stewardship and sustainability. Walmart, as a large-scale retailer, has faced scrutiny in the past for its environmental practices, which may not align with Vermont’s stringent standards.

Vermont’s environmental regulations aim to protect natural resources, reduce waste, and promote sustainable practices. These regulations can pose challenges for businesses that have not yet adapted to more environmentally conscious methods.

As a result, Walmart has faced obstacles in meeting Vermont’s environmental standards, making it difficult for the company to establish a presence in the state.

While Vermont may not have a Walmart, the absence of the retail giant has allowed local businesses to flourish and maintain the unique character of the state. Vermonters continue to support their local economy and prioritize sustainable practices, making the state a haven for independent retailers and a model for other communities seeking to promote local business and environmental responsibility.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island, the smallest state in the United States, does not have a Walmart store within its borders. This lack of presence can be attributed to several factors.

Dense, Urban Character

Rhode Island is known for its dense, urban character. With a population of approximately 1.1 million people, the state has limited space for large-scale retail stores like Walmart. The urban landscape of Rhode Island is dominated by small businesses, local shops, and boutique stores that cater to the diverse needs of its residents.

Zoning Restrictions

Another reason for the absence of Walmart in Rhode Island is the strict zoning restrictions in place. The state has implemented zoning laws that prioritize the preservation of historic neighborhoods and limit the expansion of large retail establishments.

These regulations aim to maintain the unique charm and character of Rhode Island’s cities and towns.

Political Opposition

There has also been political opposition to the entry of Walmart into Rhode Island. Some residents and lawmakers have expressed concerns about the impact of Walmart on local businesses, wages, and job security.

This opposition has resulted in stricter regulations and resistance to the establishment of Walmart stores in the state.

Despite the absence of Walmart, Rhode Island residents have access to a variety of retail options, including local businesses, supermarkets, and online shopping platforms. The state’s vibrant small business community continues to thrive, providing residents with a diverse range of products and services.


Alaska is one of the few states in the United States that does not have a Walmart. There are several factors that contribute to this unique situation.

Challenging Geography

Alaska’s vast and challenging geography is one of the main reasons why Walmart has not established a presence in the state. With its rugged terrain, numerous mountains, and vast stretches of wilderness, building and maintaining stores in remote areas can be a logistical challenge.

The state’s harsh climate and long distances between communities further complicate the issue.

High Transportation Costs

Another factor that deters Walmart from expanding into Alaska is the high transportation costs. The state’s remote location and lack of road connectivity make it expensive to transport goods from distribution centers to stores.

These increased costs would ultimately be passed on to consumers, making it difficult for Walmart to offer competitive prices.

Low Population Density

Alaska has one of the lowest population densities in the United States. The state’s vast land area is sparsely populated, which means there may not be enough potential customers to support the operation of a Walmart store.

The low population density makes it economically unfeasible for the retail giant to establish a presence in every small community.

Despite the absence of Walmart, Alaskans have access to other retail options such as local grocery stores, smaller chains, and online shopping. These alternatives cater to the unique needs of the state’s residents and provide them with essential goods and services.

For more information on Alaska’s retail landscape, you can visit the official website of the Alaska Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development.


Hawaii is one of the states in the United States that does not have a Walmart. There are several reasons why the retail giant has not made its way to the Aloha State.

Isolation from Mainland U.S.

Hawaii’s geographical location as an island state in the Pacific Ocean contributes to its lack of Walmart presence. The distance and logistics involved in shipping goods to Hawaii make it more challenging for large retailers like Walmart to establish a strong presence.

The cost of transporting goods to the islands can be expensive, which could impact the affordability of products for consumers.

High Cost of Living

Hawaii is known for its high cost of living, with prices for goods and services often being higher compared to mainland states. This includes groceries and everyday household items. The cost of operating a Walmart store in Hawaii, considering factors such as rent, utilities, and employee wages, may not align with the company’s business model.

As a result, Walmart has not expanded to the state.

Strong Local Business Culture

Hawaii has a vibrant local business culture, with many residents supporting local businesses over large corporations. This sense of community and desire to support local economies has made it difficult for big-box retailers like Walmart to gain a foothold.

Instead, residents often prefer shopping at locally-owned stores and supporting businesses that are deeply rooted in the community.

While Walmart may not have a presence in Hawaii, the state still offers a variety of shopping options for residents and visitors. From local markets to specialty stores, Hawaii’s unique retail landscape reflects its diverse culture and commitment to supporting local businesses.


As we have explored, Vermont, Rhode Island, Alaska, and Hawaii remain the only states without a Walmart largely due to geographic isolation, challenging transport logistics, strong local business cultures, zoning restrictions, high costs of living and land, as well as low population densities.

However, as Walmart continues seeking growth opportunities, they may find ways to overcome the challenges posed by these states over time. We will keep an eye out for any updates on whether Walmart decides to expand into one of these holdout regions in the future.

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