How Many Bathrooms Are In Buckingham Palace?

Buckingham Palace, the London residence and administrative headquarters of the British monarch, is one of the most iconic buildings in the world. With over 775 rooms, this historic palace is renowned for its grandeur and luxury.

But have you ever wondered – just how many bathrooms does Queen Elizabeth II have access to in her official residence?

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Buckingham Palace has around 78 bathrooms for the use of the royal family, their guests, and the staff working at the palace.

In this detailed article, we will take you through the history of bathrooms and plumbing at Buckingham Palace. We’ll share specifics on when indoor bathrooms and toilets first became commonplace in the royals’ official residence.

You’ll also learn exactly how many bathrooms there currently are in Buckingham Palace – from the lavish royal bathrooms to the staff bathrooms hidden out of sight behind the palace walls.

A History of Bathrooms at Buckingham Palace

Chamber Pots and Outdoor Privies: Sanitation Before Indoor Plumbing

In the early days of Buckingham Palace, indoor plumbing was a luxury that only the wealthiest could afford. Before the installation of proper bathrooms, chamber pots and outdoor privies were the primary means of sanitation.

Chamber pots were essentially portable toilets that were kept in bedrooms for convenience. They would be emptied by servants into designated areas outside the palace.

This lack of proper sanitation meant that Buckingham Palace, like many other grand residences of the time, had a distinct odor. In fact, it’s said that Queen Victoria once complained that the smell of the palace was so overpowering that she could hardly bear it.

Thankfully, advancements in plumbing technology were just around the corner.

Early Adoption of Flushing Toilets in the Mid-1800s

In the mid-1800s, Buckingham Palace became one of the early adopters of flushing toilets. This was a significant improvement in sanitation and comfort for the royal family and their guests. Flushing toilets were connected to a water supply and had a mechanism that would flush waste away, eliminating the need for chamber pots and outdoor privies.

It’s worth noting that the installation of flushing toilets in Buckingham Palace was not a simple task. The palace had to undergo extensive renovations to accommodate the necessary plumbing infrastructure.

However, the benefits were well worth the effort, as it greatly improved the living conditions within the palace.

The Modernization of Buckingham Palace Bathrooms

As time went on, Buckingham Palace continued to modernize its bathrooms to keep up with the latest technology and standards of comfort. Today, the palace boasts a remarkable number of bathrooms and lavatories, equipped with state-of-the-art fixtures and amenities.

While the exact number of bathrooms in Buckingham Palace is not publicly disclosed, it is estimated to be well over 100. These bathrooms are spread throughout the palace’s numerous wings and floors, ensuring convenience for the royal family, staff, and guests.

With each renovation and upgrade, Buckingham Palace has not only improved its own facilities but also set a standard for luxury and comfort in residential bathrooms. The palace serves as a testament to the evolution of sanitation and plumbing technology over the centuries.


Types of Bathrooms at Buckingham Palace Today

The State Rooms and Royal Apartments

When it comes to the State Rooms and Royal Apartments at Buckingham Palace, luxury and opulence are the order of the day. These lavishly decorated areas boast some of the most exquisite bathrooms in the world.

Fit for royalty and visiting dignitaries, these bathrooms feature marble floors, ornate fixtures, and gold accents. They are designed to provide the utmost comfort and indulgence to those who have the privilege of using them.

One of the most famous bathrooms in Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s Bathroom. This magnificent space is adorned with intricate mosaic tiles, a grand chandelier, and a luxurious bathtub that is said to have been a gift from Queen Victoria.

It is truly a sight to behold and reflects the grandeur of the palace itself.

Another notable bathroom is the State Bathroom, which is often used for ceremonial purposes. This bathroom features a large marble bathtub and elegant furnishings, creating a regal ambiance that is perfect for important events and occasions.

It is worth noting that the number of bathrooms in the State Rooms and Royal Apartments is not publicly disclosed. However, given the size and grandeur of Buckingham Palace, it is safe to assume that there are several bathrooms available to accommodate the needs of the royal family and their guests.

Staff Accommodations and Service Areas

While the State Rooms and Royal Apartments may exude luxury, the staff accommodations and service areas at Buckingham Palace are more practical in nature. These areas are designed to cater to the needs of the palace staff who work tirelessly to ensure the smooth running of the palace.

The staff accommodations include dormitory-style rooms with shared bathroom facilities. These bathrooms are functional and well-maintained, providing the staff with a comfortable and convenient space to freshen up after a long day of work.

In addition to the staff accommodations, there are also designated service areas throughout the palace where staff members can find restrooms and facilities to meet their needs. These areas are strategically located to ensure easy access for the staff without disrupting the privacy and exclusivity of the State Rooms and Royal Apartments.

It is important to mention that the exact number of bathrooms in the staff accommodations and service areas is not publicly available. However, Buckingham Palace, being one of the largest royal residences in the world, undoubtedly has a sufficient number of bathrooms to cater to the needs of its staff.

For more information on Buckingham Palace and its facilities, you can visit the official website of the British Monarchy at

By the Numbers: Total Bathrooms at Buckingham Palace

If you’ve ever wondered just how many bathrooms are in Buckingham Palace, prepare to be impressed. As the official residence of the British monarch, this iconic palace boasts an impressive number of bathrooms to accommodate both the royal family and their guests.

The Main Residence

The main residence at Buckingham Palace features a staggering number of bathrooms. With a total of 78 bathrooms spread throughout the various wings and floors, the royal family certainly has no shortage of options when it comes to personal hygiene.

Each bathroom in the main residence is beautifully designed and impeccably maintained, featuring elegant fixtures, luxurious marble accents, and state-of-the-art amenities. From spacious en-suite bathrooms in the royal bedrooms to smaller powder rooms for guests, every bathroom at Buckingham Palace exudes opulence and sophistication.

The State Rooms

In addition to the bathrooms in the main residence, Buckingham Palace is also home to a number of state rooms that are used for official functions and events. These state rooms, including the grand Ballroom and the Throne Room, also feature their own lavatories to ensure convenience for guests and attendees.

While the exact number of bathrooms in the state rooms is not publicly disclosed, it can be assumed that there are several to accommodate the large crowds that these rooms can hold.

The Guest Accommodations

When it comes to accommodating guests, Buckingham Palace leaves no stone unturned. The palace offers a range of guest accommodations, including guest bedrooms and suites, each boasting their own en-suite bathrooms.

These luxurious guest bathrooms, often adorned with gold accents and fine fixtures, provide the utmost comfort and privacy for visiting dignitaries, foreign leaders, and other VIPs.


Buckingham Palace contains approximately 78 bathrooms available for use by the Royal Family, their guests, and the staff who help run the palace and enable it to function as the headquarters of the British monarchy.

From the early days of chamber pots and outdoor privies to the modernization of the palace’s plumbing and amenities, sanitation has always been a priority – albeit to varying standards based on class and status.

The bathrooms frequented by the royals themselves are the peak of luxury, located in the exclusive State Rooms and Royal Apartments. The numerous staff bathrooms dispersed throughout the Staff Accommodations and work areas enable palace employees to tend to the needs of the monarch.

While the grandeur of Buckingham Palace is defined by its lavish public rooms and front-facing façade, even its inner plumbing reflects the British royalty’s standing and status. With nearly 80 bathrooms, there are certainly no shortages for the residents and workers housed within its 775 rooms.

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